Concerns, anxieties and fears that intensify beyond real danger are usually referred to as a common term. How we should combat all this is revealed by our expert associate Given the many mental dysfunctions underlying anxiety, we could say without exaggeration that it is an epidemic phenomenon. Of the many types of anxiety disorders, such as generalized anxiety, panic disorder, obsessive - compulsive disorder, social phobia and post-traumatic stress disorder, phobias are by far the most common form of anxiety. One in six, six have some form of phobic behavior, with the frequency being slightly higher in women than in men (as opposed to the obsessive - compulsive disorder that is more common in the male population).
WHAT IS A PHOBIA? It is a very intense, irrational fear of certain situations, specific objects, activities or persons. She is characterized by a strong and conscious desire to avoid being confronted with an object or situation in the presence of which she experiences panic fear and a variety of dramatic symptoms such as: redness of the face, accelerations and irregularities of heart rhythm, shivering, dry mouth, feeling of instability, fainting and / or dizzy ...
TYPES OF THESE FEARS
Phobias are not a unique phenomenon. Most commonly, we distinguish between agoraphobia, then social phobia and specific phobias. Agoraphobia is the fear of an open space, a public place from which there is no possibility of a quick departure or of leaving a space in which a person feels safe. It is most commonly associated with panic disorder. Social phobia refers to the fear that occurs in the environment of other people. It is most often related to the possibility of such a person getting married, that is, to be negatively judged by others. What sets social phobia apart from the usual concern for the image we transmit to other people is the anxiety about the possibility that others perceive our fear, which leads to a pronounced neuroticization of social functioning.
And finally, there is a whole list of extremely common but also specific phobias that relate to fear of certain objects, such as spiders (arachnophobia) or specific situations, such as fear of heights (acrophobia), thunder, darkness, blood, the fact that many specific phobias, unlike social anxiety and agoraphobia, do not interfere with the essential functioning of such persons. Because they represent an extreme form of emotional learning, people organize their lives by either adapting or avoiding situations that cause their phobias.
WHAT IS ANXIETY?
It represents excitement about a situation we interpret as a threat or a danger. It is a key reaction that has ensured survival in the uncertain and inhospitable environment in which the human species has evolved. It, therefore, allowed for a quick response (escape or fight) and therefore an evolutionary advantage. Anxiety is due to a number of factors. Traumatic experiences, as well as abuse, especially in the early stages of life, play an essential role in the onset of all anxiety disorders. However, experience alone is not enough. Modern scientific research has concluded that anxiety is genetically based - people are born with different predispositions to anxiety. The latest methods of studying brain function have also found that the anxiety of the anxious person responds differently to threat signals, unlike the normal one that is an error in the neurological mechanism that holds the anxiety response within the normal range. Simply put, there is no switch that stops anxiety. The original misjudgment is not adjusted to reality, but creates such a powerful emotional reaction of fear, which continues to feed and survive through avoidance. A distorted picture of oneself and situation, solidifies and becomes an irrational belief.
METHOD OF TREATMENT
Cognitive - behavioral therapy is delivering good results thanks to scientific research that demonstrates that principles of learning and experience formation can be applied for therapeutic purposes. Formed irrational beliefs and thinking errors can be replaced by rational ideas and correct conclusions, and exposing and gradually adjusting to the situation in the presence of an object that causes intense tension and fear, allow a person to face the fact that the world is not happening and that the correct way of thinking solidifies in experience. The vicious cycle of anxiety is thus interrupted and the person experiences what he or she has on the conscious level as the realization - that she is actually safe or at least not threatened by the danger she is unable to cope with.
Author: Alexandra Whinter, Psychologist & Psychotherapist
anxiety # phobia # fear treatment # KBT # cognitive behavioral therapy # dizziness # fainting